The maintenance and advancement of human life depend heavily on agriculture. Furthermore, over the ages, this industry has undergone tremendous change, giving rise to many distinct sectors that together support the expansion of the agriculture industry. And, are you interested in understanding the scope and possibilities of agriculture? In that case, it is crucial for you to comprehend the nuances and importance of the various agricultural sectors.
As a result, this blog is our humble attempt to investigate the various agricultural sectors covered at the top agriculture college in MP, delve into their roles and responsibilities, and shed light on the interconnection that forms the basis of this significant industry.
Introduction to Agriculture
Agriculture specifically deals with the art and science of soil cultivation, crop production, and livestock care is known as agriculture. It also entails the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption as well as the marketing of such products. The top agriculture college in MP does, however, have outstanding study offerings to offer you a plethora of career options in this industry.
What are the different agricultural courses?
As is well known, agricultural courses cover a variety of technical and scientific topics linked to farming, food production, the dairy sector, food science, horticulture, and even forestry. For the variety of agricultural courses offered by the top agriculture college in MP, you can refer to this table below:
|Courses||Course Duration||Minimum Eligibility|
|Bachelor of Science in Agriculture||4 years||Complete the 10+2 with at least 50% in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Mathematics, or Agriculture.|
|BSc (Hons.) Agriculture||4 years (Semester Mode)||Must obtain at least 50% in your 12th standard, and study subjects like Agriculture/Biology/Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry.|
|MSc Agriculture||2 years (Semester Mode)||Pass either B.Sc. Agriculture or Horticulture or equivalent with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks.|
|Diploma in Agriculture||2 years (Yearly Mode)||An agriculture diploma in MP demands applicants to complete their 10th boards with at least 50%.|
What comprises the various sectors of Agriculture?
Various agro-based industries, including those that produce sugar, jute, cotton textiles, and Vanaspati, depend on agriculture for their basic materials. Also, the food processing industries similarly depend on agriculture. Nevertheless, agriculture being a broad field comprises multiple sectors, and a thorough understanding of each of these fields is provided at the best agriculture college in Bhopal
So, let us examine a few of those crucial agricultural sectors as well as the specifics included in their course curriculum:
This sector of agriculture deals with the production of field crops and soil management. And, the topics covered in this area of agriculture include the fundamentals of agronomy, field crops, crop production, weed control, irrigation methods, water resource management, organic farming, etc.
● Plant Genetics
It is all about the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in plants. Some of the topics addressed in this, however, include botany, genetics fundamentals, plant breeding, seed technology, and biotechnology fundamentals. Moreover, the top agriculture college in MP offers practical sessions on such topics in addition to theoretical knowledge.
● Soil Science
This sector of agriculture, which includes topics like soil fertility, soil chemistry, fertilisers, and agricultural chemistry, is concerned with the origins, nature, ecology, and categorisation of soil.
● Plant Pathology
It is the study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Mostly, crop diseases and nematology are taught in this area.
This branch of agriculture is concerned with insects. Hence, the Mansarovar Global University, a BSc agriculture college in Bhopal teaches about pest management, beneficial insects, grain storage, and management in this agricultural sector.
● Agricultural Economics
It is an applied sector where the production and distribution of food and fibre are optimised through the use of economic theory. However, the subjects covered in this discipline include market prices, trade prices, marketing, agribusiness management, and farm management.
● Agricultural Meteorology
This industry focuses on how weather, climate, and soil management affect crop and livestock productivity. And, the significant topics covered in this area include weather forecasting, climatic zones, climate trends, and hazards of climate change on agriculture.
The majority of this sector’s activities centre on managing and cultivating gardens. And at the MSc agriculture college in MP, topics including fruit crops, medicinal plants, fragrant plants, flower production, spices, and plantation crops are addressed within this subject.
● Agriculture Engineering
This division focuses on farm drainage, soil management, erosion control, water supply, and irrigation, and the processing of agricultural goods, and also addresses the design of farm machinery. However, it imparts knowledge on harvest technology, power and tool use in agriculture, environmental science, and engineering, as well as renewable energy sources.
● Agricultural Extension
This sector refers to the implementation of scientific information and research into agricultural practices through farmer training. Because of this, the Mansarovar Global University in Bhopal offers information on the various aspects of agricultural extension, extension methodology, and entrepreneurship development programmes under this subject for in-depth knowledge and job chances.
Agriculture comprises a huge array of sectors, each of which plays a distinct and essential function in maintaining human existence and fostering economic growth. Additionally, the agriculture industry in India employs close to 58% of the population and continues to be the foundation of the country’s economy. Furthermore, attending the top agriculture college in MP will help you comprehend the interconnection between numerous agricultural sectors, as well as recognise the sector’s amazing accomplishments and upcoming problems.
- What difficulties does the agricultural sector face?
Soil erosion is the biggest challenge facing the agricultural sector, and when it happens on a large scale, it causes serious problems for farmers. The top agriculture college in MP, however, imparts knowledge on soil tillage, which lowers soil quality and decreases water retention, causing soil erosion.
- What makes agriculture the backbone of the Indian economy?
Multiple aspects which make agriculture the backbone of the Indian economy are:
(i) About 60% of the country’s population depends directly or indirectly on agriculture, making it the mainstay of the Indian economy.
(ii) It gives industry access to raw materials.
(iii) India generates foreign exchange through the export of agricultural goods.
- Which are the most profitable agricultural careers?
Some of the high-paying careers in agriculture include the role of food scientists, agricultural engineers, agricultural operations managers, environmental engineers, agricultural economists, etc.
- Is studying agriculture worthwhile in India?
Since the Indian economy’s agricultural sector is expanding quickly, students are more inclined to join agriculture courses for prevalent jobs in this booming area. Additionally, graduates from the top agriculture college in MP might find potential career opportunities in both the public and commercial sectors.